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Migraine

Chesapeake ERgent Care
Emergency Medicine located in Gambrills, MD

The most common type of disabling, recurring headache is a migraine. In fact, 13 out of every 100 American adults get migraines, but less than half of those receive diagnosis and treatment. If migraines are interfering with your normal activity, this team can help: Call, click, or stop by Chesapeake ERgent Care in Gambrills, Maryland for help with this lifelong issue.

Migraine Q & A

What is a migraine?

A migraine is a debilitating headache, often accompanied by nausea, vomiting, or sensitivity to both light and sound. Many people who get migraines experience a throbbing pain on one side of their head. Migraine pain lasts for hours or even days and some common indicators of an oncoming episode include:

  • Yawning
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Trouble finding the right words
  • Dizziness
  • Weakness
  • Numbness and tingling

There are two main types of migraines; classic and common. Common migraines have no warning signs, but classic migraines can sometimes involve an aura that affects your vision. There are three main types of migraine triggers, including:

Environmental

Excessive sensory stimuli including:

  • Odors
  • Bright lights
  • Noise
  • Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) pain
  • Sinus inflammation
  • Weather changes

Food

There are hundreds of potential migraine food triggers. The most common fall into two main categories:

  • Byproducts of food aging – red wine, aged cheeses, fresh bread, and yogurt
  • Food with chemicals similar to the neurotransmitters that your brain uses – coffee, chocolate, MSG, and nitrates used as preservatives in prepackaged foods

Physiologic

The most common migraine trigger is stress. Other causes include fatigue, hunger, exercise, pain, and hormonal changes, including the drop in estrogen levels that occurs before your
menstrual period and after menopause.

How is a migraine diagnosed?

It’s essential to see a medical professional at Chesapeake ERgent Care if you experience a sudden, intense headache without warning, as it could be the result of a concussion or stroke.

To correctly diagnose your migraine, you need to describe your symptoms. It is also helpful to keep a headache diary noting when they occur, what transpires immediately before the onset, how long your migraines last, and what – if anything – helps alleviate the pain.

Blood tests and diagnostic imaging – including x-rays, MRI, and CT scans – also help the medical staff determine whether or not you suffer from migraines, and the causes of your headaches.

How is a migraine treated?

The medical professionals at Chesapeake ERgent Care administer IV medications and dispense prescriptions in-house so that you don’t have to go elsewhere after your exam. However, should you require the help of a specialist, you can get quick follow-up care with a neurologist at Anne Arundel Medical Center, one of their network partners.

To get help with your migraines, call, click, or stop by Chesapeake ERgent Care in Gambrills, Maryland.

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